4 C's of Diamonds
Intense, fiery, brilliant, beautiful -- there is a lot to love about diamonds. That's probably why they're most commonly associated with celebrations of love. Borsheims makes it easy to follow your heart - as well as your head - when selecting diamond jewelry.
The color scale below reflects how closely a diamond approaches the colorless range. Although most people recognize diamonds as colorless, true colorless diamonds are quite rare. The absolute finest white diamond carries a "D" color grade. These exceptional- ly white diamonds make up a small fraction of all mined dia- monds; therefore most jewelry is made using diamonds in the near-colorless range. When comparing different color grades, most people will be unable to see a difference in color, although there can be a significant difference in price.
Surprising to learn, diamonds are also available in a variety of colors including red, purple, pink, green, orange, yellow, blue, brown and black. These extremely rare and unique diamonds are termed "Fancy Colors" and are graded based on the hue, tone and saturation of their color. The more intense the color, the higher the rarity factor. The most rare of the fancy colors is red.
In order to alter their original color, diamonds can be irradiated using a nuclear reactor and controlled heating known as "annealing". This improves the color of the diamond, to make it appear the same shade as natural fancy colored diamonds such as yellow, blue, green, brown, and pink diamonds. Sophisticated equipment, such as an infrared spectrometer, is needed to identify the origin of color. A jeweler's torch, at several hundred degrees centigrade, used for standard repairs may affect the color of an irradiated diamond. It is, therefore, important to inform your jeweler that your diamond has been irradiated before they work on your piece.
GE (General Electric) and GIA (Gemological Institute of America) have collaborated in a research and consumer protection effort regarding a newly developed process that restores certain rare diamonds to their intrinsic color without reducing their all-natural content. The process is permanent, undetectable and irreversible. It does not involve artificial treatments such as irradiation, laser drilling, surface coating or fracture filling, the resultant stones require no specific care or maintenance. The process utilizes high pressure and high temperature (HPHT), the same forces that in nature disguised the stones' original color. The brand name is Bellataire™. Each of these diamonds has laser-inscribed on its girdle either "GE POL" or "Bellataire", along with a unique stone registration number, allowing the consumer to detect these stones from non-Bellataire stones. A diamond grading report issued by GI stating that the diamond has been HPHT-processed accompanies every Bellataire diamond.
Since a diamond takes thousands of years to create, it is worth it to invest a little time and attention in its care. Doing so will ensure its lasting beauty, brilliance and sparkle.
Routine Home Cleaning
Gently scrub your jewelry with a soft brush, using an ammonia solution, warm water or a jewelry cleaner, to remove perspiration, household cleaners, chlorine, hair care products or even soap film. Borsheims also offers small "ultrasonic" cleaners that clean your jewelry with high frequency sound.
Diamond jewelry, especially pieces that are worn frequently, should have a biannual cleaning by Borsheims. This not only helps to restore the diamond's brilliance, but also allows the security of the setting to be checked. Borsheims offers free jewelry cleanings any time.
When not worn, diamond jewelry should be stored individually to prevent scratching or dulling. Soft cloth pouches are ideal for this purpose.
Borsheims is proud to work with other members of the diamond industry, international governments, the United Nations, and nongovernmental organizations to eliminate the trade in conflict diamonds. Through more than five years of work, it is now estimated that more than 99% of the world's diamonds are conflict free.
Borsheims supports the Kimberley Process and only buys its diamonds from legitimate, reputable manufacturers that adhere to the Voluntary System of Warranties. That guarantee is written on the back of every receipt from Borsheims. For additional information about the Kimberley Process and the work being done to eliminate the trade of conflict diamonds, please visit the diamond industry's website, www.diamondfacts.org.